Anaemia – What it is?
Anaemia is nothing but lack of haemoglobin or deficiency of Red Blood Cells in our blood. Haemoglobin in red blood cells is the oxygen-carrier in our blood. It binds oxygen with blood and supplies to each and every cell in our body. If red blood cells are less or insufficient in our blood, our body cells do not get enough oxygen supply. It leads to improper functioning of our organs.
What causes Anemia?
There are more than 400 types of anaemia. But it is divided into three groups;
- Caused by Blood Loss
Red Blood Cells can be lost by the result of excess bleeding. There are certain health disorders which can cause excessive bleeding such as ulcers, cancer, gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), use of certain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which can develop ulcer and gastritis, such as Aspirin or Ibuprofen. Also, period, as well as childbirth in women, may cause excessive bleeding.
- Caused by less Red Blood Cells production in the body.
In this type of anaemia, blood cell production is too low in the body or production process may not take place properly. It is caused by the lack of vitamins and minerals in our food.
- Caused by Damage of Red Blood Cells
This condition is also known as Hemolytic Anemia , take place when red blood cells are fragile, rupture prematurely or cannot be able to sustain in the routine stress of our blood circulatory system. This condition may develop either by birth or later or even by unknown reasons. Known causes of this conditions are hereditary, toxins from advanced liver or kidney infections, snake venom, certain foods, tumours, severe burns, excess sun-exposure, hypertension …etc
Anaemia – Symptoms
- Lose of energy
- Unusual increase in heart beats
- Pale skin
- Shortness of breath
- Difficult to concentrate
- Iron deficiency
- Vitamin B12 deficiency
- Chronic poisoning
Refer this to understand the Normal Red Blood Cell Count
Anaemia – Diagnosis
By testing your blood, checking physical status or analysing your medical history a doctor can diagnose anaemia. Also, reveal your habits, diet and family’s medical history to the doctor for a better diagnosis.
Anaemia – Treatments
- Blood Transfusion
- Fluid Intake
- Medications for stopping the bleeding
- Iron-balancing medications
- Include more veggies especially carrot and more fruits in your meals.
- Drink more water, at least 2 litres of water every day.
- Avoid unwanted junk foods.
- Drink one glass of warm milk before going to bed.
- Include meats, beans, egg yolk, sea foods, ground nuts and whole-grain products in your meal which increase iron level in your body.
- Eat more oranges.
- Daily drink tender coconut.