What is Lung Cancer
As the name suggests, Lung cancer is cancer that originates from lungs. It can develop in one or both lungs at the same time. In this type of cancer, the free growth of cells happens inside lungs, typically in those cells that line the air passages. This unstoppable growth does not let cells become a healthy tissue, rather through rampant divisions, the cells give shape to tumors. These tumors in turn multiply and then start interfering in the proper functioning of lungs – hence allowing lesser oxygen to pass to the bloodstream.
Lung cancer is also known as lung carcinoma, in most cases, is a result of consuming carcinogenic substances. Hence, smokers are always on the edge. The more life they give in to smoking, the closer they are to the perils of lung cancer. However, it is also believed that risk of lung cancer can be reduced if one gives up smoking.
Cells, during lung cancer, keep on growing and multiplying uncontrollably and don’t see their normal end as death, which is the end for normal cells. Globally, lung cancer acquires the top position in the reason behind cancer deaths. World Health Organization (WHO) records state 7.6 million cancer deaths globally, with lung cancer as the number one reason.
Types of Lung Cancer
Lung cancer can be classified into two main categories;
- Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma (SCLC): – In Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) tumors created by cell-multiplication spread and travel throughout the body. The majority of SCLC cases are because of smoking.
- Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma (NSCLC): – NSCLC branches out into four different types and often bracketed together as NSCLC due to their similarity in treatment and outlook;
1.Squamous cell carcinoma or epidermoid carcinoma: – seen in 25% lung cancer cases. Here the cancer is found in the central part of the lungs.
2.Adenocarcinoma: – seen in 40% lung cancer cases. The cells generate mucus.
3.Bronchioalveolar carcinoma: – seen in fewer cases. It is a rare sort of an NSCLC type.
4.Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma: – seen in 10-15%. This type can originate anywhere inside the lung and spreads everywhere, thus harder to treat.
Lung Cancer Stages
Lung cancer goes through various stages. These stages are instrumental in advising appropriate treatment. The stage of lung cancer usually refers to the severity of the disease as per the extent to which cells have spread in the body. A stage typically includes the examination of tumor’s size and the spread of cancer in other organs, even lymph nodes.
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) typically has two stages while the Non-small cell lung cancer type (NSCLC) has four stages.
In SCLC, Limited stage (LS) SCLC, the first stage, indicates cancer limited to its area of origin in the lung and lymph nodes. The later stage (ES) SCLC, cancer spreads into other organs of the body.
In NSCLC, the stage refers to the cancer confinement to its area of origin. In stages second and third too, cancer is restricted to lungs and lymph nodes. While the last stage of NSCLC shows cancer spreading far and beyond the lungs.
Symptoms of Lung Cancer
Usual symptoms of lung cancer include;
- Coughing (in advance stages of blood)
- Losing weight
- Breathing troubles and pain in chest
- Possible swelling in neck and face
- Overall fatigue
- On and off fever
Lung Cancer Treatment
Correct diagnosis is required for the doctor to recommend the appropriate treatment. Generally, doctors are unable to diagnose the disease until it has reached an advanced stage. The five-year survival rate is 54% for early stages, but only around 4% in the advanced.
There are a number of tests that used to diagnose lung cancer. Some of the popular ones are:
X-ray: – This can expose any anomaly hidden in the organ, in the form of a mass or nodule.
CT Scan: – A CT scan provides more details than an ordinary X-ray.
Sputum Cytology: – It is a test of a cough that’s producing sputum.
Biopsy: – This is a test of a sample of abnormal cells. The biopsy can be performed in a number of ways. One is bronchoscopy, in which abnormal areas of lungs are examined by a lighted tube inserted into the body, through throat up to lungs. Other is mediastinoscopy, in which a cut is made at the neck base and surgical tools are inserted behind the breastbone to extract biopsy samples from lymph nodes. Lastly, the needle biopsy is one which uses X-ray or CT images to direct a needle through your chest wall further into the lung tissue to gather suspicious cells.
Natural Prevention Tips of Lung Cancer
- Few tips can be outlined that may help prevent lung cancer;
- Increase consumption of Curcumin, in the form of turmeric (an Asian spice)Avoid too much Protein
- Avoid too much ProteinStop Smoking, Avoid Smoking, Avoid passive smoking
- Stop Smoking, Avoid Smoking, Avoid passive smokingAvoid carcinogens
- Avoid carcinogensEat fruits, salads, vegetables
- Eat fruits, salads, vegetablesDo Physical Exercise
- Do Physical Exercise Eat Plenty of Foods That Deliver I3C for e.g. broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower
- Eat Plenty of Foods That Deliver I3C for e.g. broccoli, cabbage, cauliflowerAvoid having fats, especially Animal based Fat
- Avoid having fats, especially Animal based FatHave a Balanced Diet Rich in Antioxidant Vitamins
- Have a Balanced Diet Rich in Antioxidant VitaminsDon’t have Foods Contaminated with Aflatoxin
- Don’t have Foods Contaminated with AflatoxinConsume lots of foods that provide Beta-Glucans
- Consume lots of foods that provide Beta-GlucansShun Meat based products rich in Nitrates
- Shun Meat based products rich in NitratesPrefer Foods rich in Ellagic Acid found in red fruits and berries
- Prefer Foods rich in Ellagic Acid found in red fruits and berriesMake sure the Selenium Intake is sufficient
- Make sure the Selenium Intake is sufficient
Super Foods that can prevent Lung Cancer
- Shiitake Mushrooms
- Brazil Nuts
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